On a yearly basis, nearly 45 million young chickens that are male killed in Germany. Their eggs are unsuitable for the market. New procedures for sex recognition should make sure that they’re not also bred. David Tedevosian/ Shutterstock
The managing director of the egg breeding company Seleggt Gmbh, spoke about Germany’s recent decision to allow the mass killings of young male chickens and how his company’s Seleggt process could be used as a bridging technology until more commercially viable methods are found in an interview with EURACTIV Germany, Dr Ludger Breloh.
Dr asian mature dating Ludger Breloh, an agricultural economist, is the handling director of Seleggt GmbH, an associate associated with the Rewe Group. Seleggt GmbH, in cooperation aided by the University of Leipzig, is promoting the very first functional way of early sex recognition in hen eggs.
The sex of a young chicken can be determined in the egg with the Seleggt method. So how exactly does this work?
Our technique is most beneficial referred to as a hormonal, meaning a method that is hormone-based. We know that gender-specific hormones, such as for example oestrone sulphate, happen to be present in the non-incubated egg and tend to be just created within the feminine egg.
For this, one should wait about nine times through to the hormones are located in the egg in enough amount. Then we draw out a small fall of fluid through the egg, which we mix by having a biochemical marker.
This then suggests, with a color modification, if the sulphate that is oestrone current. Female eggs are then gone back to your incubator and hatched, while male eggs are prepared into animal feed.
Up to now, but, gender determination will not be considered ready for serial manufacturing, and just a few supermarkets offer these eggs. Exactly why is that?</p>
Within the last few couple of years, we now have made amazing progress in refining our technology. We are able to now analyse around 3,000 eggs each hour, per device.
Nonetheless, the procedure has just been utilized in our hatchery that is in-house so. Our birds lay so-called Respeggt eggs, that are currently sold today in about 380 supermarkets when you look at the greater Berlin area. The fact these eggs just occur there, for the present time, is really because the number of laying hens remains workable.
Since February, nonetheless, we’ve been breeding on a more substantial scale, with about 20,000-30,000 young chickens that are female each week. By the end of July, the initial generation will likely be of sufficient age to lay their very own eggs. There after, I will be seeing a number that is increasing of eggs available on the market. The Rewe Group has set it self the aim of offering these eggs in every its German branches by the termination of this season.
Beginning the following year, we’ll then provide and also make our technology offered to hatcheries. In the beginning, this is done in a cost-neutral means.
Respeggt eggs will, consequently, be slowly in the marketplace.
Cost-neutral may possibly imply that you first need certainly to make an advance payment. How come that the outcome?
Our business design comprises of supermarkets spending us a licence charge – but only once the eggs that are first obtainable in supermarkets. We now have create a Respeggt logo design showing the consumer that the eggs had been produced without killing chickens that are young.
It is a definite added value as supermarkets can then get this marketable. Just then, will they spend us a licence cost because we made the hatching eggs offered by the start of the supply string.
The client, consequently, would additionally assist in preventing chickens that are young being slaughtered as the cost of eggs is supposed to be somewhat increased.
What are the other options for the very early detection of intercourse being developed?
Yes, other practices are now being investigated in eight or nine facilities global, including in Canada and Australia, but in addition when you look at the universities of Munich and Dresden. I cannot say more info on these methods, as his or her development obviously happens in today’s world.
In almost any instance, I would personally welcome it if other procedures had been made in the marketplace. I’m not just worried about your competitors, but in addition in regards to the problem of killing young birds.
To be truthful, running the complete sector with an individual technology will be a challenge that is serious.
Is the fact that since your reach continues to be too tiny?
Yes. We be prepared to raise about 1.5 million young birds in our hatchery this season – that is merely a fall into the ocean if you think about that a complete of 45 million young male chickens are now being gassed or shredded each year.
Which means we shall require a deal that is great time before reaching such high volumes. Only then will we manage to talk about a paradigm change. Rome had not been built in one day.
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As soon as the Seleggt technology ended up being established, it had been labelled as being a bridging technology until other solutions had been discovered. A different one of the may be the use that is dual of. Could that function as the future of chicken farming?
The actual fact because we have been breeding two types of highly optimised, extremely productive chickens for decades: laying hens and broiler chickens that we even kill millions of young chickens at all is only.
Here is the only method we can create inexpensive eggs and chicken meat. The rational goal, needless to say, is to reproduce hens that have a good laying performance, while their brothers have fattening performance that is high. That seems like a jack-of-all-trades kind of unit and that’s what it really is.
Being an agricultural scientist by having a PhD in farming, I am able to let you know that we now have complementary properties that rule out of the possibility that the hen can both lay eggs productively, while additionally building enough muscle mass. Each one or perhaps one other.
However, i am hoping that the reproduction companies continue steadily to work intensively about this problem to ensure that we now have a solution that is economically viable dual-use chickens.
Gender dedication methods are simply a solution that is temporary it could truly be much more sustainable and in every of our passions whenever we could place a end for this killing of young birds.
Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic
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